Heraklion

A vibrant city, 5,000 years in the making
Fishing boats at Heraklion harbour and Koules Fortress
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A buzzing seaside city bridging the gap between yesterday and today, the capital of Crete has a plethora of holiday experiences to offer

Heraklion is a multifaceted seaside city and a major urban centre. Come and discover the many world-renowned attractions it has to offer. The Heraklion of yesterday; the Venetian harbour and walls, ideal for a nostalgic walk through history. And the vibrant city of today; city squares and pedestrian walkways filled with youthful energy, raki (the local drink), ouzo, gourmet restaurants and luxury hotels.

Along with these, a number of excellent museums and one of the largest aquariums in Europe. Just beyond the city limits, explore the much-vaunted Knossos, one of the most significant sights on the island and in Greece;  the most important centre of the Minoan civilisation, the palace of King Minos and the home of the myth of the Minotaur.

What to do in Heraklion

Heraklion: a seaside city, full of life and history

The historic Candia, the city of Heraklion with its Venetian port is a modern capital with dozens of options in culture, accommodation, dining and entertainment. It is a city where you can enjoy the pleasures of today and the beauty of yesterday. Walk and savour the sights, like the impressive church of Agios Titos in the square, originally built by Byzantine emperor Nicephorus Phocas in 961.

Admire the Armeria (armory) next to St Titus, and The Loggia (City Hall) with its 82 metopes and beautiful arcades. Directly opposite you’ll find the lively Morosini (Leondaria) square with its lions’ head fountain. Moving on to Eleftherias Square, the striking feature here is an impressive building housing the Prefecture of Heraklion and the Law Courts.

To enjoy everything Heraklion has to offer, fly with Aegean.

The Venetians on the pier

At the entrance of Heraklion’s Venetian harbour, the Koules Fortress (also known as Castello Del Molo or Rocca al Mare) gazes proudly out to sea. It was built by the Venetians and took its final form between the years of 1523-1540. It has been repaired several times and during the Ottoman rule it served as a prison. Across the harbour the Venetian shipyards make for a romantic backdrop.

The walls of the old city: the threshold between past and present

Walking along the walls, you will see how beautiful this city looks from this vantage point. You’ll pause in small shady parks and admire the genius of the famous Venetian architect, Michele Sanmicheli, who designed the walls and bastions more than 400 years ago. The Venetian walls demarcating today’s old town were indeed an impressive feat of engineering for the time, making Heraklion the best-fortified city in the Mediterranean.

‘Mythical’ Knossos

The master craftsman Daedalus built the labyrinth for the mythical King Minos in order to isolate the Minotaur, a creature that was half-man, half bull. Theseus, the son of the King of Athens, slew him and found his way out of the labyrinth with the help of Minos' daughter, Ariadne. The most important centre of the Minoan civilisation and one of the most popular archaeological sites in Greece, it is just 5km from Heraklion.

It was the headquarters of King Minos and its complex architecture gave birth to the myth of the labyrinth. Thanks to the archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans’ excavation and sensitive restoration, it is now one of the most fascinating sites in Greece, where you can experience exactly what life was like inside the palace.

Admire the throne room, the heart of the palatial complex, which consists of the central court and the main chamber; the Processional Way decorated with frescoes, including the "Prince with the Lilies"; the Propylaea and the famous Bull’s Horns, one of the sacred symbols of Minoan religion, and  the royal apartments that consist of the hall of "Double Axes" and the "Apartments of the Queen" with its ‘’Dolphins’’ mural. The Palace of Knossos flourished during the Minoan period (2000-1350 BC) and was the most important socio-economic and religious centre of Crete.

Archaeological Museum: a 'panorama' of Minoan Crete

This famous museum is considered one of the most important museums in Europe. The exhibits include representative samples from all periods of Cretan history, covering a span of 5,500 years. You will admire the frescoes of "the Bull Leaper", the "Prince with the Lilies", the “Monkey Saffron Collector", the "Blue Ladies" and especially “La Parisienne’’. The new wing of the museum opened in August 2013, with exhibits ranging from the Geometric, Archaic and Classical periods as well as the Roman era.

Cretaquarium: the wonders of the sea

Sharks, seahorses, jellyfish; you’ll be astonished by the variety of Mediterranean marine life on display. Cretaquarium, which includes 60 tanks with 1.7 million litres of seawater, is one of the largest aquariums in Europe. The aquarium is home to more than 4,000 creatures of all different colours, shapes and sizes. Crete knows how to surprise and amaze you!

A feast of flavours and pleasures

Enjoy dishes from the celebrated Cretan cuisine at one of the city’s many cafes, tavernas and restaurants, accompanied by traditional music, fine wines and tsikoudia (Crete’s famous firewater). Then move on to designer cafes, trendy bars, hip hangouts and pulsating dance clubs that stay open till dawn. The dining and entertainment options in Heraklion are infinite.

Where you’ll stay

Choose from the modern city hotels and boutique hotels among the centre’s historic buildings, surrounded by exceptional restaurants and bars with spectacular views to the Venetian port. Large, modern resorts may also be found at the city’s nearby beaches.

Beaches with character and charm

Take your pick: Ammoudara, a big beautiful beach just west of the city, completely organised with dozens of resorts. Tobruk, in the east, has lots of restaurants, hotels, and cafes. The Arena or Red Hani, a beach enjoyed by a young crowd, features hotels, shops, restaurants and beach bars playing music.

Hidden gems of Heraklion

The Museum of Natural History: interactive fun for all ages

Under the auspices of the University of Crete, it consists of five departments – Zoological, Botanical, Anthropological, Geological-Paleontological and Mineralogical. The collections include samples from Greece and the Mediterranean in general.

Historical Museum: Crete ‘preserved in amber’

This impressive modern museum is housed in an elegant, 20th-century building. It has a diverse number of permanent exhibitions, including the Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Collection, the Numismatic Collection, the Ceramics and Sculpture section, the Nikos Kazantzakis rooms and the Ethnographic Collection.

In the heart of the city

The pedestrian Daedalus shopping street, full of designer stores, connects Lionadarakia and Eleftherias squares. Walking west from the lion fountain, you enter the wide pedestrian Handakos Street, overflowing with even more shops and cafes.

Koules Fortress from above

Experience the best of Heraklion

Rolling down hillsides and meandering through valleys, the vineyards of today are interwoven into the Heraklion landscape

Sample the wine routes of Heraklion

Exploring the vineyards of Heraklion won’t just reveal what all the fuss is about when it comes to
Roman Collection of the Heraklion Archaeological Museum, Crete

The archaeological museum of Heraklion

Telling the story of Crete, from Neolithic times to the extraordinary Minoans and beyond, the
Minoan Palace of Knossos

Exploring the Minoan palace of Knossos on Crete

Minoan myths, palatial splendour and details of everyday life and artwork from almost 4,000 years
  • Heraklion
  • Knossos
  • Archaeological Museum
  • Cretaquarium
  • The Museum of Natural History
  • Historical Museum
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