Containing 450 species of plant and animal life, the Samaria Gorge is a UNESCO-protected Biosphere Reserve

Hiking the spectacular Samaria Gorge in Chania

Surrounded by some of the most striking scenery in Europe, the Samaria Gorge trail, in Chania, includes abandoned villages and the rich wildlife of Crete’s White Mountains National Park
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6 - 7 hrs
May - October


Hiking Crete’s spectacular Samaria Gorge 

The Samaria Gorge, in Crete, has rightly become one of the iconic hiking destinations of Europe. The 16km canyon runs from a plateau beneath the White Mountains all the way to the Libyan Sea. It is the longest gorge in Greece and forms part of the E4 hiking trail that traverses Europe. But that’s just the start of an experience that has become a rite of passage for anyone wanting to explore the extraordinarily diverse region of Chania on foot.

Containing 450 species of plant and animal life (70 endemic to Crete), the Samaria Gorge is a UNESCO-protected Biosphere Reserve. You will pass through forests of pine, cypress and holly trees, and by no fewer than 22 freshwater springs, as well as abandoned villages and churches you can pop into. The gorge itself is 150m at its widest but narrows to just 3m, with sheer walls of rock soaring skyward. 

If tackled from Xyloskalo to the sea, it is downhill all the way. And although you crisscross a river multiple times – sometimes over wooden bridges, sometimes hopping from rock to rock – it’s not a difficult or technical hike. Just don’t expect to pass as effortlessly as the gorge’s real residents – the Cretan ‘kri-kri’ mountain goats.

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Highlights of the Samaria Gorge in Crete

Xyloskalo (Omalos Plateau) 

There’s no better build-up to hiking Crete’s most famous gorge than the view from the taverna at Xyloskalo, at an altitude of 1,200m. The path starts from here, with quite a steep descent over stone steps through a forest of pine and cypress trees. 

Riza Sykias and Agios Nikolaos 

Almost 3km into your walk is the first rest point of the Samaria Gorge trail, at Riza Sykias. Alternatively, you could choose to push on a further 1km to Agios Nikolaos. Both have natural sources you can drink from and centuries-old cypress trees. The chapel of Agios Nikolaos is where, in the late 1700s, thousands of women and children hid during an uprising against the Turks.

The abandoned settlement of Samaria 

When you reach the abandoned village of Samaria, you will find it astonishing to think that people lived this remotely until 1962, when the gorge was made a part of the White Mountains National Park and the residents were resettled. Samaria takes its name from the village's church, Osia Maria (Saint Mary). From here, the canyon begins to narrow and the landscape becomes more wild. 

Portes (Gates) or Sideroportes (Iron Gates)

Perhaps the most impressive (certainly the most photographed) part of the Samaria Gorge is here, where the canyon narrows to just 3m and the walls soar more than 100m above you. As you cross over bridges, the gorge begins to widen again and you know that you’ve nearly arrived.

The beach of Agia Roumeli

What better way to celebrate the end of your hike than a swim? About 3.2km from the end of the gorge is the beach of Agia Roumeli, next to a village with the same name. Enjoy every minute of it. 

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Samaria Gorge Full Day Tour from Chania

14 hours
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Join this unique hiking tour and discover one of the most impressive ravines in the whole Europe! The enormous, rugged landscape of the Samaria Gorge!

Chania Tour 1. Explore the White Mountains of Crete

6-7 hours
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Not sure? You can cancel this reservation up to 24 hours in advance for a full refund
Combine a unique safari tour in the White Mountains of Crete and take in the most incredible panoramic views, visit traditional Cretan villages, learn the...

Where does the Samaria Gorge trail start from? 

  • There are two entrances to the gorge, Xyloskalo (Omalos), to the north, and Agia Roumeli, to the south.
  • We’ve described walking from north to south, which is the easier, downhill route.
  • You can reach Xyloskalo by bus or car and there are ferries from Agia Roumeli to ports from which you can catch a bus back to Xyloskalo (Omalos) or Chania.

How do you get to Crete’s Samaria Gorge?

You can reach Xyloskalo (Omalos):

  • From Chania:
    • By car: 43km (1hr) 
    • By bus (KTEL)
  • From Sougia:
    • By car: 38km (1hr)
    • By bus (KTEL)
  • From Paleohora:
    • By car: 55km (1hr30min)
    • By bus (KTEL)

More information - Bus schedules

How do you return at the end of the Samaria Gorge?

  • Boats go from Agia Roumeli to Sougia, Paleohora, Sfakia, Loutro and Gavdos.
  • The last ferries to Sougia, Paleohora, Sfakia and Loutro are typically at 17:30, and to Gavdos at 10:00-11:00 (so you would need to stay overnight).
  • There are buses (KTEL) from Sougia, Paleohora and Sfakia to Chania and from Sougia and Paleohora to Xyloskalo (Omalos). More information
  • For boat itinerary and prices from Agia Roumeli:

When is the best time to hike the Samaria Gorge in Chania? 

  • The gorge is open from May to mid-October (although the opening and closing dates can be affected by weather conditions, especially in October). 
  • It opens at daybreak (from 6:00) and closes at 16:00. (Call +30 28237 70046 for up-to-date opening times and weather information, especially early and late in the year. 
  • If you want to enter after 14.00, you’ll probably only be allowed to walk the first quarter of the route and be required to return to your starting point. 
  • There’s a €5 fee to enter the gorge (payable via an online platform). 
  • To check boat itinerary and prices from Agia Roumeli click here

May - June and September - October are the best and quietest months to visit. The path gets busy during peak summer, so make sure you set out early if you visit in July-August.

Useful contact numbers: 

  • Forest Warden at Xyloskalo: +30 28237-70046, 
  • Forest Warden at Samaria settlement: +30 28211 11736
  • Forest Warden at Ag. Roumeli: +30 28250 91254
  • Autumn
  • Spring
  • Summer
  • Winter

The route:

  • Start & end point: Xyloskalo (Omalos) – Agia Roumeli 
  • Distance: About 16km (depending on your specific end point) 
  • Difficulty: Medium
  • Elevation: Highest point 1,200m
  • Duration: About 6-7hrs depending on walking speed and number of stops
  • Natural water sources: About every 1-2km
  • It’s worth booking an organised tour, which includes transportation to Xyloskalo and from Agia Roumeli. Your guide will also give you plenty of information on the wildlife and the abandoned settlements and churches.
  • There’s a taverna in Agia Roumeli and rooms to rent if you want to stay overnight.

Make sure you’re fully equipped before setting out: 


The charm of hiking on the Samaria Gorge is that it is a completely wild and unspoilt environment, so please help keep it that way.

Don’t forget to keep any rubbish with you until you reach a bin.
Use a refillable water bottle to try to minimise your use of plastic.
Please keep to designated paths for your own safety and to avoid disrupting the wildlife.
Tempted as you might be, please don’t feed any animals.
Respect the local environment by not picking any plants or flowers.
Respect any cultural sites or monuments you encounter on the way.
Always check the weather and don’t attempt anything that is beyond your abilities or physical condition.
Lighting fires in the wild is prohibited.
Camping and staying overnight in the wild is strictly prohibited.
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A tour of the Archaeological Museum of Chania


Where to enjoy water sports in Chania

There are plenty of wineries to choose from, in the foothills of the White Mountains and around the Apokoronas villages

An unforgettable food tour of Chania in Crete

Strolling around Douliana village charming alleyways

Fill up on Cretan authenticity in the villages of Chania

The magical blend of blues you’re presented with as you approach Balos from above

Prepare to be mesmerised at Crete's Balos beach


Where to enjoy water sports in Chania

Fishing boats by Koules Fortress in the harbour of Heraklion old town

A walking tour of Heraklion town in Crete

Hiking in Kefalonia’s Mt Ainos National Park

Hiking in Kefalonia’s Mt Ainos National Park