Active volcanoes, majestic caves, spectacular gorges, large and small geological faults, rare rock formations and minerals. The Greek land has infinite landscapes of rare geological beauty to explore. They are the ‘’silent’’ witnesses to the eternal evolution of the earth, and the evidence of the unparalleled power and art of nature. This ‘’art’’ and power of Greece’s natural-geological phenomena are reflected in the exciting variations of the soil and rocks of Greece.
Geotourism, or geological tourism, is a suis generis type of alternative tourism, that has been developing rapidly in recent years. For its fans, the artwork created by geological time are monuments of unique significance. If you come to Greece, be sure to include in your itinerary some of the many unique landscapes of geological interest.
Choose destinations with special geological heritage. Become familiar with the geomorphological characteristcs, discover the processes that have molded the rocks and soil, and enjoy the astonishing diversity. Follow your own geotrail and uncover the secrets of the ‘live’ Greek land. Nature of indescribable beauty, ancient and modern mines and quarries, with their own distinct scientific and aesthetic value, will offer an enchanting perspective of Greek history and nature.
Miloterranean Geo Experiences: Geotrails across land and time in Milos
Milos is a Greek island with natural landscapes of rare beauty, unique mineral wealth and a multi-dimensional geological character. Discover it through the geotrails proposed by the Miloterranean Geo Experience (www.miloterranean.gr), an initiative of the Milos Mining Museum.
The Miloterranean highlights Milos as an international geotourism destination, showcasing the geological identity of the island through seven selected geotrails. Each route is a tour through geological time, in nature and in the history of the island, and invites the traveler to explore another, ‘hidden’ side of Milos. The trails, which are marked on the island, are presented through descriptive texts and detailed maps:
Route 1: Vani: Destination: an abandoned magnetite processing plant on its namesake Northwest cape. Intermediate stops: the old Alyki salt production facilities (also an important wedland), the area surrounding Ahivadolimni, with a restored perlite mine and the second permanent wetland on the island.
Route 2: Volcano: Destination: Kalamos, the surrounding area of the extinct volcano of Firiplaka, one of the volcanoes that gave birth to the island, two billion years ago!
Route 3: Sulfur Mines: Destination: the abandoned industrial complex and sulfur mines of Theioryhia. Intermediate stops: Zephyria, once the capital of the island, and Demenagaki, that was once one of the two major obsidian quarries on Milos.
Route 4: Aggeria: Destination: Aggeria, one of the largest bentonite mines in the world. Intermediate stops: picturesque Pollonia, the mineral processing plants in Voudia, the Papafrangas seacave and the prehistoric settlement of Fylakopi, famous for trading opsidian during the Bronze Age.
Route 5: Kimolos: Circular Route: Skiadi, the famous geological formation in the shape of a giant mushroom, and one of the most impressive sights on the island, the unique landscape of Kimolos and its capital city, Chorio, are intermediate stops!
Route 6: Sarakiniko: Destination: Sarakiniko beach – whitewashed rocks with an otherworldly, supernatural beauty; a lunar landscape, drenched in the Mediterranean sun. Intermediate stops: geological layers with tiny fossilized sea creatures and shells, and the alternating rock formations along the route.
Route 7: Nychia: Destination: At Nychia you’ll find the second prehistoric obsidian quarry on the island. Intermediate stops: significant historical monuments and landscapes, such as the Early Christian rock-cut cemetery (the catacombs) and the ancient theatre of Milos, ancient walls and other archaeological remains.